Top Terms Internet Use Karne Se Pahle inko jane .

Hello Dosto Internet computer networks ke millions computing devices me ek large network hai. Desktop computers, laptop, mainframes, smartphones, android mobiles, GPS units, tablets, video game consoles, and smart devices, all internet se connected hai. Koi bhi singal organization internet ka owner nahi hai or na hi ise control karta hai.


Top Terms Internet Use Karne Se Pahle inko jane .


Internet Use Karne Se Pahle In 20 Terms Ke Bare Me Jan Le

Jis tarah hume kisi bhi kaam ko karne se pahle uski basic knowledge hona jaruri hota hai wese hi internet use karne se pahle aapko internet ki basic knowledge hona jaruri hai. Yaha main aapko kuch jaruri internet terms ke bare me bta raha hu jo aapke bahut kaam aayegi.

1. Internet

Internet Kya Hai? Internet computer ka word wide network hai. Isme world ke bahut se computers ek dusre se connected hai. Isme communication method ka istemal hota hai jise TCP/IP kahte hai. 1969 me U.S Defence Department ki advanced research project agency ne ek sath jude huye 4 computers ka name ARPANET rakha gaya. Yahi internet ka firt name tha.

2. IP Address

IP Address Kya Hota Hai? Aapka computer or har ek evice jo internet se connect hota hai identification ke liye internet protocol address ka use karta hai. In most cases, IP addresses automatically assign hote hai.
Beginners ko usually IP address assign karne ki jarurat nahi hai. IP address kuch is tarah ka hota hai.
  • 139.42.25.242 – IPv4
  • 24da:cb00:2048:1:0:0:681c:a47 – IPv6
Har ek computer, mobile phone, cell phone, tablet etc. all devices jo internet access karta hai ko tracking propose ke liye IP address assign kiya gaya hai.


3. Browser


Browser Kya Hai? Browser ek free software package or mobile app hota hai jo aapko web pages, graphics, and most online content dekhne deta hai. In 2017, Chrome, Opera, Mozilla Firefox, and safari most popular web browser hai. Inke alawa o bhi ahut se web browser available hai.
Beginning and advanced internet users sabhi ko web browser ke through web par access milta hai. In simple, internet par jo web pages hai un par jane ya unh open karne ke liye user ko web browsers ki jarurat hoti hai.
Web browser internet explorer computer kharid time ya computer me pahle se add hota hai. Baki web browsers ko aap internet se download kar apne PC me install kar sakte ho. Browser ko HTML or XML computer code ko human-readable documents banane ke liye design kiya gaya hai.

4. URL

URL Kya Hai? URLs ka matlab hota hai Uniform Resource Location. URL internet pages or files ka address hota hai. Jisse aap apne favorite web pages or files ko browser me access, locate or bookmark kar sakte ho. Kisi bhi website or blog ke har ek page ke liye specific URL hota hai. Ise link bhi kahte hai.
URL is type ka hota hai.
  • http://www.example.com/page-url
URL ek page ya file ko consist karne ke liye three part se mil kar banta hai.
  1. Protocol: Upar btaye gaye URL example me http:// protocol (communication rules and method) hai.
  2. Host: Protocol bad www.example.com hai jo host address hai. Ye ek top level domain hai. Jo mostly .com, .org, .net etc. se end hota hai. Iske alawa bhi .in, .tk, .us etc. bahut se domain ho sakte hai.
  3. Filename: Domain ke bad jo URL me filename or file link aata hai. Jisse web pages ki pahchan hoti hai.

5. Web Page

Webpage Kya Hai? Jab bhi aap apne internet browser ko open karte hai to ek webpage ko dekhte hai. Suppose karo abhi aap browser me kisi text page, images, video, magazine, links, advertisements, etc. dekh rahe hai. Ye sab web pages hai.
Mostly, aap information pane ya kisi web page par jane ke liye specific area me link par click karte hai jo ki aapko kisi different color page ya dusre page par le jata hai. Example, website homepage, page, post, articles, front page, etc. ye sab web page kahlate hai.

6. HTTP and HTTPS

HTTP Kya Hai? HTTP ka matlab hota hai “Hypertext Transfer Protocol” yani web page ka communication standard. Jab web page me ye perfix hota hai to link, picture, and text browser me properly work karte hai.
HTTPS Kya Hai? HTTPS “Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure” ka acronym hai. Ye indicate karta hai ki web page me aapki personal information or password dusro se hide karne ke liye encryption ki ek special layer hai.
Jab bhi aap apne bank account ya online shopping site par log in karte hai to aap credit card ki information add karte hai to security ke liye URL me “HTTPS” dekhe.

7. Word Wide Web

Word Wide Web Kya Hai? Word Wide Web ko web or www. bhi kaha jata hai. Yeh internet par jude information, resources, pictures, sounds, multimedia ka collection hota hai jo ek dusre ke sath juda hua hai linked hai.
Netscape jaise kisi software product ka upyog karna, Web pages ko link and access karne etc. process ko easy banata hai. March, 1989 me Tim Bernes-lee ne word wide web ka invent kiya tha.

8. HTML and XML


HTML Kya Hai? Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) webpages ki programming language hai. HTML aapke web browser ko text and graphics ko ek special fashion me display karne ki command deta hai.
Internet users ko website web pages ko open karne, read karne ke liye HTML coding sikhne ki jarurat nahi hai. Browser is process ko complete kar aapko web pages ko proper dikhata hai.
XML Kya Hai? XML yani eXtensible Markup Language jise aap HTML ka cousin kah sakte ho. XML web pages ki cataloging and databasing file ko focus karta hai. XHTML  HTML and XML ka combination hai.

9. ISP

ISP Kya Hai? ISP ek company or government organization hai jo aapko vast internet me plug karta hai. Internet ko pane ke liye apako internet service provider ki jarurat hoti hai.
Example, Aap school, station, hospital etc. place par free ISP pa sakte ho or agar aap pay kar sakte ho to aap apne ghar par bhi private ISP use kar sakte ho.
ISP prices ki variety ke according service offer karta hai. Mostly ISP internet speed ke anusar monthly fee lete hai like web hosting. Iska matlab aapko jitna jyada speed wala internet connection chahiye aapko utna hi jyada pay karna hoga.

10. Router

Router Kya Hai? Router ek router-modem combination hardware device hai jo aapke ISP se apne home ya business me aane wale network signals ke liye traffic police ki tarah work karta hai. Ek router wired ya wireless dono ho sakta hai.
Aapka router hacker ke against bachav provide karta hai or specific computer, device, streaming device or printer content ko direct karta hai.

In simple words, hum apne ghar par computer, tablet, mobile etc. devices me internet dalane ke liye jis hardware device ka istemal karte hai wo router ya modem kahlata hai.

11. DNS

DNS Kya Hai? DNS yani Domain Name System domain names or unke correspondent intert (IP address) ka large database hai. Example:- example.com, example.org, example.net etc.
Ise aap Domain Name Service ya Domain Name Server bhi kah sakte hai. DNS ko aap websites ka phone book bhi kah sakte hai. Iska kaam IP address ko domain me translate karna hota hai.

12. Domain Name

Domain Name Kya Hai? Domain Name internet par computer ki location ki description and representation karta hai. Usually ye dot se alag hota hai. Internet par jitni bih websites or blogs hai sabke liye ek domain name ki jarurat hoti hai.
For example,
  • example.com
  • www.example.com
  • ask.example.com
Is examle me example top par hai (.com ke left side me) baki ask.example.com me ask subdomain hai.
Domain name ki adhik jankari ke liye aap ye guide read kare Domain Name Kya Hai. Is article me domain name ko infographic ke sath explain kiya gaya hai.

13. Website

Website Kya Hai? Website simply site bahut sare related web pages ka ek collection hai jise ek domain name ke dwara identify kiya hua hota hai. Website par published sabhi web pages ki ek list hoti hai jise aap domain name or URL ke through access kar sakte ho.
Website me audience ki jarurat anusar bahut sare function hote hai. Website person site or public site dono ho sakti hai. Example. personal website, commercial website, government webiste, non-profit website, business website etc.

14. Blog

Blog Kya Hai? Blog ek regular update hone wali website or web page hota hai. Typically  ye small group ke tarah hai jise kisi special reason ki wajah se create kiya jata hai. Ye websites ka ek part bhi ho sakta hai or alag site bhi ho sakti hai.
Blog modern online writer k column hai. Professional writer or ek normal person kisi bih topic par blog start ka sakte hai. Website ki tulna me blogs simple hote hai or commenting system ka use karte hai. Apne visitors se question puchte hai or unka jawab dete hai.
Jis tarah hum offline book write karte hai same wese hi aap online blog write kar sakte ho. Ye aapki thoughts, knowledge, tips, information etc. share karne kel iye hota hai. For more read this post Blog Kya Hai? Blogger Kya Hai? Blogging Kya Hai? Full Details in Hindi.

15. Web Hosting

Website web pages ko store karne ke liye or site ko accessible banane ke liye ek aese computer ki jarurat hoti hai jo humesha on ho or internet se connect ho. Web hosting providers iske liye monthly ya yearly charge lete hai. Ise hi web hosting kahte hai. Ye internet hosting ka hi ek part hai.
Ise aap server bhi kah sakte hai. Aapko website banane ke liye pahle uski files ko store karne ke liye ek server ki jarurat padegi. Iski adhik jankari ya hai Web Hosting Kya Hai Aur Blog Ke Liye Hosting Kaise Buy Kare.

16. Email

Email Kya Hai? Email ka matlab hota hai Electronic Mail. Iska kaam typewritten messages ko ek device se dusre device me send and receive karna hai. Iske liye aap google gmail, yahoo mail etc. ka istemal kar sakte ho.
Example, aapko apne smartphone me gmail or email ka feature mil jayega. Aap apn family and friends ya kisi ko bhi mail dwara notification, information etc. send kar sakte ho.
Bilkul wese hi jaise aap apne mobile me SMS or message karte ho. Sirf tina hi nahi iski help se aap online shopping, business and other work bhi kar sakte ho.

17. Email Spam & Filter

Unwanted and unsolicited email ka jargon name hai spam email. Iski 2 main category hoti hai. 1. High volume advertising (jo pareshan karte hai) and 2.  Hackers jo aapko apne password show karne ke liye pareshan karte hai. (Ye dangerous hai).
Filtering spam ke khilap imperfect but popular defense hai. Filtering software ka istemal karta hai or aapke email messages ko dekh kar unme se spam mails ko delete ya alag kar deta hai. Iske liye aap apne gmail account me ja kar spam folder check kar sakte hai.

18. Social Media

Social Media kisi bhi online tool ya website ke liye brand name hai jo users ko other thousands users se jodne me able banata hai. Example, Facebook and twitter sabse badi social media websites hai. linkedin ek combination social and professional website hai. Isk alawa YouTube, Google+, Pinterest, Instagram, Snapchat etc. bahut si social sites hai.
Social media site sabke liye free account create karna allow karti hai. Koi bhi internet user social sites par sign up karke apne dusre logo ke sath jud sakta hai. Apne jankaro or dosto ke sath online chat kar sakte hai.

19. Firewall

Firewall vinash (destruction) ke khilap (against) ek bandha (barrier) ko example karne ke liye ek generic term hai. Computing ke mamle me firewall me software or hardware hote hai jo aapke computer ko hackers or virus se bachate hai secure karte hai.
Firewall small antivirus software packages and hardware solution le kar aata hai. Kuch firewall free hai or kuch ke liye aapko pay karna hota hai. Isse aapka PC or persona data secure rahta hai.
Computer ya koi bhi device jisme internet use hota hai ke liye anti-virus jaruri hai taki aapko hacking ya dusri koi problem na ho. Aapko iska istemal karna chahiye.

20. Malware

Hacker ke dwara design kiya gaya koi bhi malicious software ko describe karne ke liye use kiya gaya broad term ko malware kaha jata hai. Malware me viruss, trojans, keyloggers, zombie programs, and wo sabhi software shamil hai jo aapke system ko nuksan pahuchate hai. Jaise


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GAURAV RAJPUT

He is a 18 years self-trained guy, a young part time blogger and Android expert from last five years. He is an Indian blogger and share useful content on this blog regularly, If you like his articles Then you can Share this blog on social media with your friends.
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